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Thursday, February 29, 2024

Why Do Rohingya Refugees Need Help?

Since 2016, there has been a steady increase in the level of tension between the government of Burma and the Rohingya people of Rakhine province. The Rohingya are an ethnic minority that lives in Myanmar. 

As a result of claims of massive violations of human rights, the United Nations has leveled severe charges against the military, including possible acts of genocide and crimes against humanity, as well as accusations of ethnic cleansing. As a result of the conflict, a significant number of Rohingya have made their way to the neighboring country of Bangladesh in the hope of finding refuge there. 

Because they are in danger of famine, malnutrition, infection, disease, and other medical difficulties, these individuals need access to healthcare as well as other crucial assistance in order to reduce their mortality risk.

Give Some Background On the Rohingya People

The Rohingya are a Muslim ethnic group that has lived in Myanmar (sometimes referred to as Burma) for a millennium. Myanmar was once known as Burma. Despite the Rohingya people have lived in Myanmar for many generations, they have been denied citizenship owing to the ethnicity of their ancestors. 

As a result, they are the largest group of stateless people in the world. Families of Rohingya refugees are especially vulnerable to exploitation, sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), and abuse since they do not have legal status in any country.

What Are the Circumstances That Led to The Rohingya People Being Forced to Flee Their Homes?

Over the course of many decades, Myanmar’s Rohingya minority has been the target of acts of violence, discrimination, and persecution. In August of 2017, more than 700,000 people fled to Bangladesh as a result of an increase in violence in the state of Rakhine in Myanmar. More than half of these refugees were children. 

Atrocities committed against human rights on a massive scale were documented, such as the obliteration of whole villages, the death or separation of thousands of members of the same family, and pervasive abuse of authority.

Where Exactly Are the Rohingya People Trying to Find Refuge?

As of the right moment, 980,000 people who were originally from Myanmar have sought refuge in neighboring countries. An estimated 919,000 Rohingya refugees are now living in the Kutupalong and Nayapara refugee camps in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar region. 

These camps are two of the largest and most densely occupied refugee camps in the world. Seventy-five percent of Cox’s Bazar’s existing population arrived in the region between September 2017 and January 2018, making this time period the most populous in the city’s history. 

Collectively, they joined the more than 200,000 Rohingya people who were already outside of Myanmar at the time. The bulk of those who have arrived is composed of females and younger individuals.

How Can We Offer Help? 

If you are wondering why Rohingya refugees need help or how we can help them? Keep reading! Ever since the commencement of this disaster, many notable organizations have been collaborating with the government of Bangladesh and other stakeholders to provide assistance to families and children residing in refugee camps and communities as well as in surrounding host communities. These communities are located in Bangladesh.

The following are examples of support that can be given:

  • Providing access to water that is free from impurities and risk
  • Providing medical care for expectant mothers and newborns
  • Vaccinating children to protect them against illnesses that may be prevented by vaccination
  • Supplements of vitamin A being distributed in order to improve the nutrition of children
  • Providing medical care for children that are very malnourished
  • Increasing accessibility to education by setting up learning centers for children of school age
  • Providing elementary and secondary schools with financial aid in order to assist them in meeting their ever-increasing demands
  • Providing children who have been exposed to violence and other traumas with therapy and other forms of emotional assistance
  • Increasing safeguards and services for victims of gender-based violence among girls and women in their adolescent and teenage years.

There are still a large number of Rohingya refugees fleeing Myanmar residing in Cox’s Bazar District of Bangladesh. These individuals are very reliant on charity from the international community, extremely susceptible to the effects of COVID-19, and their futures are unknown.

How Many People Are Estimated to Have Departed Myanmar?

Since 2017, almost one thousand Rohingya refugees, most of whom are kids, have lived in overcrowded camps as a result of being brutally forced to flee their homes throughout the frontier in Myanmar in order to avoid unthinkable brutality. These refugees are known as the Rohingya people.

How Many Rohingya People Are Now Seeking Shelter in Bangladesh?

Children make up more than half of the Rohingya population that has fled to Bangladesh. Even though it’s been three years since the beginning of this disaster, there are still hundreds of thousands of children stuck on the treacherous slopes of the Bangladeshi city of Cox’s Bazar. 

What Kind of Living Circumstances Do Rohingya Children and Their Families Face in The Camps?

Even if they are protected from the horrible violence that led them to flee Myanmar, the camps in Bangladesh are not a suitable environment for children. Education and other essential services are challenging to get, and there is a high danger of physical and sexual abuse as well as the exploitation of minors. To make a bad situation even worse, there is a possibility that COVID-19 may break out in the camps, which might have very negative repercussions.

How Does Life Unfold for Rohingya Children Who Have Been Forced to Flee Their Homes?

Children of Rohingya refugees have been subjected to some of the most severe violations of human rights that have occurred in the 21st century. They have been subjected to a savage campaign of military assault that has been methodical, targeted, and purposeful in its execution.

Many youngsters traveled to Bangladesh on their own and got there badly traumatized after seeing the murder of their parents, relatives, and friends directly in front of them. Even after three years, Rohingya refugees were permanently residing in temporary villages within one of the world’s largest and most heavily populated areas.

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