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Wednesday, May 29, 2024

Heavy Menstrual Periods: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Menstruation is a regular phenomenon which happens to women, the shedding of the uterine lining is its main feature. The menstrual flow can be different for every person, but there are cases where persons can have heavy menstrual bleeding, which is also known as menorrhagia. In this article, we will discuss the factors, signs, and the ways of treatment for heavy menstrual periods.

What is Menorrhagia?

Menstrual blood which is abnormally heavy or prolonged, more than 80 milliliters per cycle or exceeding seven days is known as menorrhagia. It can greatly affect a woman’s quality of life, in the way that she will feel fatigued, have anemia, and be unable to do daily activities.

There are a lot of factors that can cause menorrhagia, for example, hormonal imbalance, uterine fibroids, polyps, adenomyosis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), endometriosis and some medical conditions like thyroid diseases or bleeding disorders.

For an expert diagnosis of this problem you are advised to see a best gynecologist in lahore.

Symptoms of Menorrhagia

The heavy menstrual bleeding signs may consist of the lengthening of the bleeding more than seven days, passing of the large blood clots, the frequent changing of the menstrual products, the fatigue that is resulted from the blood loss and the signs of anemia that are the weakness, dizziness or the shortness of breath.


The diagnosis of menorrhagia usually consists of a complete medical history check, physical examination, and it may also include blood tests to see if there is anemia. Being able to do the imaging studies like ultrasound or MRI, one can check the uterus and also see the surrounding structures.

Treatment Options

The treatment for heavy menstrual periods is based on the condition’s cause, the level of the symptoms, and personal preferences. Options may include:

  • Medications: NSAIDs like ibuprofen are effective in cutting menstrual bleeding and in providing pain relief. Hormonal drugs like contraceptives, the IUDs that contain hormones, or hormone therapy may control the menstrual cycles and thus, the bleeding is reduced.
  • Surgical Interventions: Procedures such as endometrial ablation, in which the uterine lining is destroyed, or hysterectomy, the surgical removal of the uterus, may be suggested for the severe cases or when no other treatments work.
  • Iron Supplementation: Iron supplements might be recommended to prevent or cure anemia which is caused by a very heavy menstruation.


The women’s heavy menstruation periods, or menorrhagia, can greatly affect her physical and emotional health. The first step is to consult a doctor and get a proper diagnosis. Then, a suitable treatment is implemented to help in the management of the symptoms and to enhance life quality. Though in order to be able to do so, the reasons, symptoms and treatment of menorrhagia should be investigated; this way, the particular problems related to a common gynecological condition can be solved and the people can at the same time arrange the treatment. For medical assistance visit a gynecologist in Karachi for help.

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