Afatinib is a type of medication that has been used to treat several types of cancer, such as lung cancer. Specifically, afatinib has been used to restrain K-RAS–driven lung tumorigenesis, or the formation of tumors originating in the lungs due to K-RAS mutations. Recent research has demonstrated the efficacy of afatinib in addressing this issue, as studies conducted on mice have shown that the drug restricts the proliferation and growth of K-RAS–driven tumors in the lungs.
Assessed experimental trial
To assess the efficacy of tab afatinib 30mg in restraining K-RAS–driven lung tumorigenesis, mice were injected with a K-RAS mutant oncogene and were then split into two groups. One group was given the drug whilst the other was given a placebo. Results from these studies indicated that tumors derived from the K-RAS mutant oncogene were significantly reduced in the mice that had been given afatinib, both in terms of size and number.
Activation of the cellular pathway
Additionally, this method of treatment also exhibited a number of other benefits. Specifically, it was discovered that when afatinib was given to the K-RAS–injected mice, it caused a decrease in the levels of activated MAPK-ERK in the tumors of the mice. Studies have shown that MAPK-ERK activation promotes the growth and metastasis of tumors, and its inhibition by afatinib is likely responsible for the observed reduction in the size and number of tumors. Furthermore, afatinib decreased the expression of survivin, an oncoprotein crucial for cell division which is often upregulated in tumors.
Restraining action of the specific type of tumors
Lastly, when afatinib was compared as a treatment to chemotherapy, results indicated that the former was more successful in restraining the proliferation of K-RAS–driven lung tumors. As such, afatinib seems to be a more suitable form of treatment for the prevention and progression of K-RAS–driven lung tumorigenesis.
In conclusion, the efficacy of afatinib in restraining K-RAS–driven lung tumorigenesis has been clearly demonstrated by a number of studies, as the drug was found to decrease the levels and expression of activated MAPK-ERK and survivin and was more effective in inhibiting the formation and progression of tumors than chemotherapy. As such, it can be concluded that afatinib provides a valuable alternative for the treatment of K-RAS–driven lung tumors.
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