As the car industry gets increasingly dominated by electric vehicles (EVs), rapid advancements are being made in the field daily. Due to this progress, numerous job opportunities are also being created in this field. This is why so many educational institutes are offering courses with job assistance in the field of electric vehicles. So if you are a student or a professional in the industry it may be difficult to keep up with all the progress.. But don’t worry here we are going to discuss some of the most important components of electric vehicles that are being used in the cars of today:
1. Electric motor
The electric motor is like an internal combustion engine that has been replaced with a motor that uses alternating current instead of direct current. The electric motor is powered by electricity coming from the traction battery pack, which charges it as needed during normal operation of the vehicle or at rest if it is parked.
The electric motor is what makes it all happen! It converts electrical energy into mechanical motion and uses this motion to drive the wheels. The more powerful an electric car’s motor is, the faster it will go on a flat surface and up steep hillsides and mountains! Even though it is found in all-electric vehicles, its purpose varies depending on what type of vehicle it’s used in. For example, electric cars use motors for propulsion while hybrid cars use them as part of their drive train.
2. Charge port
The charge port is the place where you plug in your electric vehicle to charge it. It’s usually located on the side of the car or truck, but it may also be built into the dashboard or door panel. The charge port usually has two prongs on it so that it can be plugged into an outlet. There are other types of ports that can be used such as a cigarette lighter or even a USB connection port. The charging port is the part of the EV that connects the EV to an alternating current (AC) power source. It provides a way for an EV to be plugged into an AC power outlet, either in a garage or at home. The charge port can be internal or external, depending on how it is designed and where it will be located in the vehicle.
The charger itself is made up of three major components: a controller, an auxiliary battery and a contactor. The controller tells the auxiliary battery how much electricity to send out to the EV, while also communicating with the contactor to turn the electricity on and off when needed. The contactor acts as a relay that allows electricity to flow through its contacts when required while preventing it from flowing when not needed (sometimes called “isolation”).
The controller is a small box that contains wires and electronics connected to a battery pack. The controller receives power from an inverter, which converts DC current from a wall outlet or battery pack into an AC current in order to power the lights on your car. It also controls many other functions such as engine synchronization and charging of your auxiliary batteries.
4. Traction battery pack
The traction battery electric vehicle is the part that is used to provide the energy needed to propel the vehicle. This usually consists of high energy density, low-cost batteries, which are connected directly to the motor.
is a sealed unit that contains a number of cells and an electronic control system. The cells are rechargeable nickel-cadmium or nickel-metal hydride batteries. The battery provides the power for the vehicle’s electrical systems (including the motor) and stores energy for use later on when the vehicle is not moving. The battery pack is designed to provide as much power as possible in order to propel the vehicle as fast as possible. Additionally, it provides power for the drive train and controls the flow of electricity from the battery to other components. The traction battery pack has several components, including the main module, which contains all the cells needed for a complete charge.